The optimum ratio should be 3-5:1 (3-5 parts to 1 part) omega-6 to omega-3 essential fatty acids (the lower figure is better). Up to 7-8:1 is acceptable. If the ratio is too low or if the level of omega-3 is greater than the levels of omega-6, then over time there will become an apparent deficiency of omega-6 no matter how much of it is supplied in the diet.
Symptoms include dry, brittle coat, flaky skin, dermatitis, etc. Some insist that because they have read that "wild animals have more omega-3s," that the omega-3s should be at a higher level than the omega-6s. What they are misunderstanding, however, is that wild animals naturally have higher levels of omega-3s than domesticated animals, not that wild animals have higher levels of omega-3s than omega-6s. For example, wild caribou have as a percentage of total fat 16% omega-6 essential fatty acids (versus 2% for domestic cattle) and 5% omega-3 essential fatty acids (versus 0.7% for domestic cattle). Most land animals have higher levels of omega-6s than omega-3s (mare's milk is an exception with 38% omega-3s as a percentage of total fat). Deep-water fishes (mackerel, sardines, salmon, tuna, anchovies, etc) have oils that are high in omega-3s. All of our foods have a ratio of about 4.5-5:1 omega-6 to omega-3, compared to the average of 10-20:1. To bring the omega-3s up to a more optimum 3:1 ratio, we recommend adding our pure Wild Salmon Oil on your pet's food.
Timberwolf and Serengeti diets are developed with a proprietary natural antioxidant made with a blend of herbal extracts that allows us to increase (omega-3s go rancid very quickly and must be used cautiously in pet food formulas) the level of omega-3s in our formulas.
Timberwolf Black Forest formula has the highest ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 that we know of (1:2) and 9% omega-3s as a percentage of total fat.